Eighth International Conference On Advances in Civil and Structural Engineering - CSE 2018
Author(s) : B.L. SWAMI , RAJ R.D. KIRORI
Road fatalities in India have increased to 150,785 in year 2016. Karnataka, a major Indian state, appeared at 4th rank with 11,133 road fatalities. Karnataka lost 17.8 persons per 100,000 population against India average of 11.9 persons. Karnataka is committed to road safety, therefore, in order to reduce road injuries by multi-sectoral interventions, an existing two lane undivided road section- Belgaum to Yaragatti (62 km)- was selected as a pilot project based on recommendations of iRAP (International Road Assessment Programme) under Safe Corridor Demonstration Programme (SCDP) funded by World Bank. Road crash data of the corridor were collected of past five years for analysis and proposed engineering designs were reviewed. Engineering interventions modified eight major junctions with medians, right turning lanes, 31 minor junctions with improved road signs and markings, construction of walkways with guard rails near most junctions, bus-bays and shelters, traffic calming, overall road marking and road signs. Enforcement interventions comprised two dedicated robust vehicles for the safe corridor with electronic evidence based speed interceptors, breath analyzers to curb drunken driving; GPS enabled handy cameras, hydraulic cutters for quick recovery of crash victims and signalization of three junctions. Engineering interventions were implemented by Karnataka State Highways Improvement Project (KSHIP). Enforcement interventions were implemented by Police department thru four police stations of the corridor. Outcome of interventions has resulted in reduction of fatalities and crashes by 50% and 20% respectively from January 2017 to September 2017 corresponding months of 2016. Rapid increase in registering cases by Police for violations of traffic and driving rules, have resulted in increased compliance of speed limits and wearing of helmet by motorcyclists. Road crashes and injuries are expected to be reduced further upcoming implementation of public awareness and education campaign.