Sixth International Conference On Advances in Economics, Management and Social Study - EMS 2016
Author(s) : DWI MAULIDATUZ ZAKIYAH, ISMU RINI DWI ARI, RINDANG ALFIAH, SEPTIANA HARIYANI
The good economic growth of Indonesia has not yet been accompanied by a parallel development of infrastructure and institutional capacity on water resource management. A large number of the population still lacks access to safe water and most of the population in villages and remote areas still rely on potentially contaminated water sources. Out of 72.944 villages, only 7.474 villages have been intervened and supported to establish community based organization to manage local water supply services. Water resource management is the activity of planning, developing, distributing and managing the optimum use of water resources. Much efforts in water resource management is directed at optimizing the use of water and in minimizing the environmental impact on the natural environment. Sumberawan is one of plateau villages in Malang regency which has a water management based on community participation. From this research, we investigate the extent to which different forms of community participation explain in HIPPAM sustainability using data collected from 100 rural communities in Sumberawan. Data sources include household surveys and interviews with water committees and village leaders. HIPPAM is an abbreviation for a residents’ association of drinking water users, a voluntary association of villagers which creates and manages a piped water supply system within the scope of the local community. There are various tools and methods which can be used to identify the depth of community members’ participation on rural water system. Social Network Analysis (SNA) used here to investigate social structures through the use of network and graph theories. The result shows the depth of community members’ involvement in water handling is positively associated with HIPPAM sustainability. It is enhanced by household members’ participation in management-related decisions. The existence of power relations is inadequate to drive community members to reach a common goal, but they have moderately strong social ties within the community, with a lack of bridging social capital.