Fourth International Conference On Advances in Applied Science and Environmental Engineering - ASEE 2015
Author(s) : ALINE T. FAISCA, RICARDO A. MEDRONHO
The erosion caused by solid particles is a major problem in catalytic cracking units. The riser outlet is the most vulnerable region to this process because a change in direction of the biphasic flow of gas and catalyst particles occurs. In this work, different configurations for a riser outlet were studied aiming at minimizing erosion. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) with Dense Discrete Phase Model (DDPM) approach was used to simulate the gas-solid flow in a riser. The k-ε turbulence model was used to model the turbulence. It was observed that an abrupt L outlet produced the same average erosion rate as a soft outlet, while an abrupt T outlet provided an average erosion rate two times larger than the abrupt L outlet. Additionally, new riser outlet geometry was proposed in order to minimize erosion on top of risers. However it was found that this geometry presented disadvantages when compared to the other outlet geometries studied.