Third International Conference on Advances in Applied Science and Environmental Engineering - ASEE 2015
Author(s) : ANDRZEJ BORODZINSKI , CHIEN-DA LU , CHUNG-KWEI LIN , HONG-MING LIN , LESZEK STOBINSKI , YUH-JING CHIOU
Novel metal catalysts are easily poisoned by CO adsorption or leaching in oxidation of formic acid that leads to decrease the performances of catalyst. To increase the catalyst activity and poison tolerance in fuel cells, novel metal nanoparticles are usually supported on modified support materials to enhance its performance. In this study, TiO2/MWCNTs are synthesized by sol-gel method. Also, ammonium is used to dope nitrogen into TiO2 to modify its electrical and chemical property. MWCNTs, TiO2/MWCNTs and N-doped TiO2/MWCNTs are three supporters using in this study to examine the effects of supporters on the electrocatalytic performance of Pd and AuPd catalysts. The synthesized metal nanoparticles are uniformly dispersed on the surfaces of MWCNTs, TiO2 and N-doped TiO2 modified MWCNTs. The electrochemical analysis illustrate that Pd/N-doped TiO2/MWCNTs (molar ratio of NH4OH:TiO2=4:1) catalyst exhibits higher activity and better stability than that of Pd/MWCNTs either/or Pd/TiO2/MWCNTs catalyst in formic acid electrooxidation. Same results are observed in AuPd series of catalyts. It indicates that suitable N-doping TiO2 improves dramatically on the performance of Pd or AuPd-based catalysts in electrochemical reaction. Thus, hybrid AuPd/N-doped TiO2/MWCNTs (molar ratio of NH4OH:TiO2=4:1) materials have potentially to be used in the direct formic acid fuel cells (DFAFCs) in the future.