Second International Conference on Advances In Civil, Structural and Environmental Engineering- ACSEE 2014
Author(s) : CLARA E. FERRANDEZ-GARCIA, JAVIER ANDREU-RODRIGUEZ, MANUEL FERRANDEZ-VILLENA, MARIA T. FERRANDEZ-GARCIA, TERESA GARCIA-ORTUNO
In the building sector advances are being made using natural green materials for the manufacture of building elements that are environmentally friendly and sustainable. Traditionally, in this sector, local materials with low energy cost and low environmental impact were used. In the Mediterranean Countries giant reed was used as a building material until the 1960´s, being replaced afterwards by other modern materials like concrete. Nowadays, in rural areas, inhabited dwellings made with giant reed can still be found. The reeds are used for ceiling, flooring, slabs, false ceilings and walls. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanical properties of the giant reed to provide technical data to support the utilization of this green material for sustainable building. The results showed that the giant reed behaves mechanically like a softwood structural timber, having at the same time lower thermal conductivity than wood. Thus it can be used as a sustainable building material.