International Conference on Advances in Structural, Civil and Environmental Engineering - SCEE 2013
Author(s) : KAZUNARI ISHIDA
One of the serious fears for Japanese society is contamination of radioactive substances due to the huge earthquake and subsequent Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant disaster.This paper proposes a detection method to identify contamination sources of radioactive substances in the air based on open data, which are composed of air dose rate, amount of rain, wind speed, and direction. To select an appropriate area for analyzing contamination sources with this method, a field investigation is conducted in the west part of Japan, which is in a region approximately one thousand km from the east power plant. Based on the possible contamination origin found in the investigation, open data are analyzed by the method in terms of relationship between air dose rate and weather conditions. Air dose rate is observed on each public monitoring point. The nearest weather observation station for each public monitoring point concerning air dose rate is also identified to analyze the relationship between air dose rate and weather conditions.This method focuses on all cases of continuous rainfall duration, because various sizes of spike concerning air dose rate on a public monitoring point are observed among the cases. Each spike starts when rainfall beginsand the spike disappears when rainfall continues.This is because rainfall cleans up radioactive particles in the atmosphere. The method confirms a statistically significant difference of increase rate of air dose rate between each pair among rainfall cases. It also identifies a range of direction from a monitoring point to diffusion sources based on significance tests of correlation coefficients.