Eighth International Conference on Advances in Civil, Structural and Mechanical Engineering CSM
Author(s) : A.A. ADENIRAN, E.T. AKINLABI , O.S. FATOBA, O.S. OGBONNA, P.M. MASHININI, S. A. AKINLABI
The transportation industry is no doubt a fast-growing sector of the economy of most countries. As the world population grows, there is a corresponding increase in the demand for an improved and functional transportation system. However, manufacturers and researchers in the automobile industry face a lot of challenges in order to meet up with the ever-increasing vehicle demand and government regulations. These challenges include the need to develop a motor vehicle that would be safe, economical and functional with low emission. Several strategies towards the development of advanced materials have been adopted to meet up with these challenges such as the replacement of heavy metallic parts with high strength and lightweight composite materials; and the use of nanoparticles as additives in fuel, tyre, lubricants, coatings and paints. Titanium as a material with low density, high rigidity, high corrosion resistance, good thermal stability, high strength, structural stability, and reflectivity together with epoxy resin which among other thermosetting and conventional thermoplastic polymers has improved mechanical, electrical, chemical and thermal properties, as well as low shrinkage, low cost and high compatibility with various reinforcing materials, have played significant roles in this regard. This review, therefore, examines the various applications of titanium and epoxy in the automobile industry. They have successfully been applied in the manufacture of lightweight parts, development of anti-fouling, anti-fogging, self-cleaning, corrosion resistant, flame retardant, hydrophilic and hydrophobic glasses, paints and coatings, efficient brake system and lubricants, improved engine performance, enhanced tyre and anti-microbial automobile interior components. This paper highlights the enormous applications of Titanium and epoxy in automobile.