4th International E-Conference on Engineering, Technology and Management - ICETM 2021
Author(s) : Bakenaz. A. Zeidan, Marwa Meky
River Engineering preserves environment while protecting the rivers against advanced human activities and flooding. Natural rivers and alluvial channels are shaped by interactions of sediment transport and flow rate. Because of sediment-transport processes the cross section and alignment of alluvial rivers may vary continuously with time passage. Alluvial rivers transport sediment in suspension or bed load shaping their downstream river morphology, dynamics, and ecosystems. River morphology includes the migration of issues deposited by water flow in the river channel across its floodplain. Storage and hydropower dams control the flood flows and the sediment transport capacity to the river at dam site. Morphological characteristics of the Nile River are affected by several changes; bank erosion, bank retreat, bed degradation, bed aggradation and scour around bridge piers. Morphological changes of the Nile River experiences should be closely observed and estimated in order to avoid their negative impacts. Morphological research studies are based on mathematical simulation, laboratory experimentations and field observations. The key object of this paper is to address the state of the art of morphological changes implications along the Nile River via numerical techniques.