Conference Proceedings

2nd International E-Conference on Engineering, Technology and Management - ICETM 2020

Analysis of elderly's needs and use patterns of community facilities

Author(s) : Esther Hiu Kwan YUNG, Siqiang WANG

Abstract

Aging population has become a world-wide challenge for not only social services, but also the built environment of neighborhood. Community facility is a key element of built environment that has significant impact on elderly's daily lives. However, current planning and design guidelines mainly proposes the requirement of provision of community facilities and is lack of knowledge about older people’s needs, preferences, and use patterns of community facilities. Most relevant studies from western countries cannot be directly applied in the context of Asian cities due to their different urban densities, degrees of car dependence, and culture. This study aims to explore elderly’s needs and characteristics of use pattern of community facilities in local neighborhoods. In addition, this study also intends to identify the key influential factors of elderly’s use of community facilities. Six focus group meetings were conducted in Elderly Community Centers in Kwun Tong from Oct 2019 to Jan 2020. The qualitative analysis method was employed and NVivo was used to analyze the qualitative data obtained from focus group meetings. Elderly centers and open space were found as the most frequently visited community facilities, and the main purposes of using these community facilities were doing physical exercises and gaining knowledge. A list of key factors was identified as influential factors that affect elderly’s use of community facilities. Among them, Planning and design of community facility was found as the main concern for elderly people, followed by built environment of community. This study could help urban planners and designers to understand elderly’s special needs and use patterns of community facilities, so that related community planning could be improved to promote aging in place

Conference Title : 2nd International E-Conference on Engineering, Technology and Management - ICETM 2020
Conference Date(s) : 26, July 2020
Place : Online (Via Video Conference)
No fo Author(s) : 2
DOI : 10.15224/978-1-63248-189-4-04
Page(s) : 17-21
Electronic ISBN : 978-1-63248-189-4
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